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Pakistan, formally the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a nation in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous republic with a population exceeding 212.2 million, and has the domain's second-largest Muslim population. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country by range, covering 881,913 square kilometers (340,509 square miles). Country has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline sideward the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. Country [caption id="attachment_11961" align="aligncenter" width="1132"]Pakistan is beautiful and peaceful nation Pakistan is beautiful and peaceful nation[/caption] is divided barely from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also stakes a maritime border with Oman. Pakistan is the site of numerous ancient cultures, most notably the 8,500-year-old Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, the eldest in South Asia,and the Bronze Phase Indus Gorge Civilization, the greatest extensive of the civilisations of the Old World. The region of Pakistan was the realm of empires and relatives, plus the Archaemenid; for a short time that of Alexander the Great; the Seleucid, Maurya, Kushan, the Gupta; the Umayyad Caliphate in its southern regions, the Ghaznavids, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals,

The Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire (in the Punjab region), East India Company rule, and, greatest lately, the British Indian Empire from 1858 to 1947.

  Pakistan may be allocated into four geographical areas—the plateau of W Pakistan, the moors of the Indus and Punjab rivers, the mountains of NW Pakistan, and the mountains of N Pakistan. The plateau area of W Pakistan, which is approximately parallel with Baluchistan prov., is an arid region with comparatively wetter conditions in its northern sections. Many low mountain collections rise from the plateau, and the Hingol and Dasht rivers are amongst the largest streams. Big portions of the state are unfit for agriculture, and although some cotton is raised, roaming sheep grazing is the major activity. Coal, chromite, and natural gas are originate in this area, and fishing and salt trading are carried on along the rugged Makran coast. Quetta, the chief city, is a significant track center on the line amongst Afghanistan and the Indus valley.