In Pakistan Punjab is a province having an area of 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²) in terms of area the province of Punjab is greater in area and capital of Punjab is Lahore.
Punjab Province is in country Islamic Republic of Pakistan where the government legislature is unicameral. According to 2012 Punjab has a population of 80 million people. Time zone is PST (UTC+05:00).
Official languages in Punjab province is Punjabi and Urdu. There are different religion followers in Punjab, mainly Islam and Christians. 97.21% people are followers of Islam religion, 2.31% is Christians while others religion followers are 0.48%.
The word Punjab is an arrangement of the Indo-Iranian words panj (five) and āb (water), in consequence the land of five rivers i.e. Indus, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej.
Before 1947 both Pakistan and India were ruled by the British. The British province of Punjab was divided between Pakistan and India.
Bus service was launched in 2006 between Lahore in Pakistani Punjab with Amritsar in India, all the way through the Wagah international border. This was the first bus service between the two Punjabs for about 60 years. Punjab witnessed major battles between the armies of India and Pakistan in the wars of 1965 and 1971.
Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialized rapidly. New factories were established in Lahore, Multan, Sialkot and Wah. In the 1960s the new city of Islamabad was constructed near Rawalpindi. Agriculture persists to be the largest region of Punjab’s economy. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan.
Punjab is Pakistan’s second largest province at 205,344 km2 (79,284 sq mi) and is situated at the northwestern boundary of the geologic Indian plate in South-central Asia. The capital and largest city is Lahore which was the historical capital of the wider Punjab region. It is the nation’s only province that contacts every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. This geographical position and a large multi-ethnic population strongly manipulate Punjab’s outlook on National affairs.
The province is mainly rich and fertile region along the river valleys, while sparse deserts can be found near the border with Rajasthan and the Sulaiman Range. The region contains the Thar and Cholistan deserts. The Indus River and its many streams pass through the Punjab from north to south.
The landscape is among the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Weather extremes are remarkable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well.